King Kong Appears in Edo (lost Japanese monster film; 1938)
King Kong Appears in Edo is a 1938 Japanese monster film.
The plot involves a woman who is mysteriously kidnapped and her father's attempts to offer a large sum of money for her safe return.
In the movie, "King Kong" is actually a trained ape that the villain uses to kidnap the girl.
The movie was made without the permission of RKO Pictures, who owned the rights to the character of King Kong at the time.
The film was made in two halves. The first part, titled Edo ni Arawareta Kingu Kongu: Henge no Maki |キングコングは江戸出現：なしマキをヘンジない (King Kong Appears in Edo: The Episode of Transformation) was released on March 31, 1938, while the second part, titled Edo ni Arawareta Kingu Kongu: Ōgon no Maki |キングコングは、江戸出現：なし真紀黄金 (King Kong Appears in Edo: The Episode of Gold) was released a week later on April 7, 1938. Both films ran roughly 5 reels in length.
Based on plot synopses and promotional materials, many believe that the ape is referred to as "King Kong" in the title only. This leads some to believe that Zensho (the company behind the film) were trying to capitalise on King Kong's 1938 re-issue by promoting the Ape as being giant.
However, Godzilla suit creator Ryūnosuke Kabayama (who later changed his name to Fuminori Ohashi) stated in a 1988 interview "The first model making to be counted as 'special art direction' in Japanese cinema was a giant gorilla which I did for the movie King Kong Appears in Edo fifty years ago. It was also the first movie to feature certain kinds of special effects." With this statement from the suit's creator, there seems to be some contradiction over the actual size of the title character.
It is possible, however, that the ape changes size in the movie - a theory advanced, among others, by James Rolfe of Cinemassacre - judging by the different pictures composing the poster where "Kong" is alternately human-sized and giant.
The film has not resurfaced, and all that exists are posters and promotional images.
It is believed that all of the film's copies were destroyed in the 1945 Allied bombing of Hiroshima or Nagasaki, though this claim has not been confirmed to be true by any of the film's creators or producers.
- March 1, 1938, issue of Kinema Junpo
- 高槻真樹 (Maki Takatsuki). 戦前日本ＳＦ映画創世記 ゴジラは何でできているか (Senzen Nihon SF Eiga Souseiki). 河出書房新社 (Kawadeshobo Shinsha publishing). 2014. Pgs.183-188.