Margot Frank's diary (lost literature; 1940s)

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Margot Frank.jpg

Margot Frank (1926–1945).

Status: Lost

Margot Betti Frank (16 February 1926 – February 1945)[1] was the elder daughter of Otto Frank (12 May 1889 – 19 August 1980)[2] and Edith Frank (16 January 1900 – 6 January 1945)[3] and the elder sister of Anne Frank (12 June 1929 – February 1945).[4] On 6 July 1942, at the age of sixteen, she went into hiding together with her family to avoid the Gestapo, the official secret police of Nazi Germany and the German-occupied Europe, as the Franks were a Jewish family.[5] Margot hid in the Secret Annex (Dutch: Achterhuis) together with the three members of the van Pels family and Fritz Pfeffer.[6] The people in hiding managed to stay out of the hands of the Nazis for more than two years, but on 4 August 1944 Dutch police officers, headed by SS-Hauptscharführer Karl Josef Silberbauer, raided the Secret Annex and arrested the eight people in hiding. After the Westerbork transit camp, the eight people in hiding ended up in the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration and extermination camp. Margot and Anne were part of a group that was put on the train to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in the night of 1 November 1944. Both sisters eventually succumbed to spotted typhus in February 1945, two months before the camp was liberated by British soldiers.[1]

The time spent in the Secret Annex is documented by Margot’s sister, Anne, who kept a diary up until 1 August 1944. This diary was retrieved by Miep Gies, who gave it to Anne’s and Margot’s father, Otto, the family’s only known survivor, just after the Second World War was over and it was published in Dutch for the first time on 25 June 1947 under the title Het Achterhuis. Dagboekbrieven 14 Juni 1942 – 1 Augustus 1944. It has also been published in English as The Diary of a Young Girl or The Diary of Anne Frank.[7]

In her diary, Anne mentions that Margot is also keeping a diary: “Margot and I got in the same bed last evening, it was a frightful squash, but that was just the fun of it, she asked if she could read my diary sometime, I said yes at least bits of it, and then I asked if I could read hers.” Unlike her sister’s, Margot’s diary has not been found and is considered permanently lost.[1] However, many authors have written fan-based diaries of Margot such as the novel The Silent Sister: The Diary of Margot Frank by Mazal Alouf-Mizrahi.[8]

Reference[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Margot Frank, Annefrank.org. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  2. Otto Frank, Annefrank.org. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  3. Edith Frank, Annefrank.org. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  4. Anne Frank, Annefrank.org. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  5.  Rittner, Carol (1998). Anne Frank in the world: essays and reflections. M.E. Sharpe. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-7656-0020-2.
  6. The main characters, Annefrank.org. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  7. The diary, Annefrank.org. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  8. The Silent Sister: The Diary of Margot Frank, Goodreads.com. Retrieved 10 January 2022.