1956 Formula One World Championship (partially found footage of Formula One races; 1956)
The 1956 Formula One World Championship was the seventh FIA-sanctioned top-level Grand Prix racing season. It saw Juan Manuel Fangio achieve his third back-to-back title with Mercedes-Benz, and his fourth World Championship overall, in a modified Lancia-Ferrari D50. Five races were televised, including the Monaco, Belgian, French, British, and Italian Grand Prix.
1956 Monaco Grand Prix
The 1956 Monaco Grand Prix was the second race of the 1956 Formula One Season. Occurring on 13th May at the Circuit de Monaco, the race was ultimately won by Maserati's Stirling Moss, his first continental victory, after edging out a fast-closing Juan Manuel Fangio in a Lancia-Ferrari.
It was the 3rd running of the event as part of Formula One following its debut on the calendar in 1950. It was also the 14th in Grand Prix history. Lasting 100 laps, the Monaco Grand Prix remains an integral event of the Formula One calendar, including being prestigious enough to be classified as part of the Triple Crown of Motorsport, alongside the 24 Hours of Le Mans and the Indianapolis 500.
Heading into the race, some changes were made to the chicane near the harbour front, which slowed the cars down to avoid a repeat of Ascari's accident at the previous year's event. Ferrari entered modified Lancia D50s for the race, while Maserati competed with both a Weber-carburettor model, and a fuel-injection design. Despite value being placed on the latter model, Stirling Moss set faster qualifying laps in the former. Thus, Maserati lent the fuel-injection car to Monégasque driver Louis Chiron. However, the Maserati engine blew after a few laps, preventing Chiron from competing. In contrast, Fangio achieved pole position with a time of 1:44, with Moss directly behind him in second, and Ferrari's Eugenio Castellotti lining up third.
With only 16 starting places available and with 18 cars entered, Ferrari's Giorgio Scarlatti joined Chiron on the sidelines after posting the slowest time. Meanwhile, BRM drivers Mike Hawthorn and Tony Brooks successfully qualified in 10th and 13th respectively, but both suffered terminal engine issues that also forced them out of the race before it even began. Thus, only 14 cars started the race.
With the starting order decided, the 1956 Monaco Grand Prix commenced on 13th May. Moss shot into the lead after beating the two Lancia-Ferraris to the hairpin. Moss was already leading Fangio by five seconds following lap 1, and as the defending World Champion was trying to claw back into first, Fangio spun at Sainte Devote. Not only did Fangio drop numerous places, he also inadvertently caused his teammate Luigi Musso and Vanwall's Harry Schell to crash out to avoid a head-on collision with the Argentine. By lap 10, Moss was considerably ahead of Ferrari's Peter Collins, with Fangio down in fifth. Fangio would quickly move back to third after passing Castellotti and Maserati's Jean Behra. After nearly 30 laps, Fangio closed up to Collins, with the latter receiving team orders to let him through. Collins complied, but although Fangio was setting faster times than Moss, he was also proving to be rather accident-prone. Not only did he damage his car's nose, he later hit a wall that bent one of his rear wheels.
The crashes allowed Collins to catch-up, but he respected team orders and remained behind. On lap 40, Fangio pitted due to a slipping clutch. A series of driver changes occurred among the Ferrari, as permitted by the rules back then. Firstly, Fangio allowed Castellotti to take over his vehicle, after Castellotti was forced to retire earlier on lap 14 because of a broken clutch. Then, after reducing a 32-second gap to Moss, Collins was ordered to give up his car to Fangio. Fangio dropped behind Behra, but was quickly able to move back into second. With a fresh Lancia-Ferrari, Fangio sought to close the 50-second gap to Moss, reducing it to 43 by lap 75. On lap 87, Moss attempted to lap fellow Maserati driver Cesare Perdisa, but the latter braked too early into a corner, causing Moss to plough into him. Moss continued, but now lost performance caused by a damaged nose and a partially lifting bonnet.
Ultimately, despite closing in on the Brit by two seconds per lap, Fangio was unable to challenge for the lead. Moss claimed victory by a 6-second margin, and eight points in the World Championship. With a lap record of 1:44.1, Fangio scored seven points; as it was a shared drive, Collins was awarded three points, while Fangio scored four for setting the fastest lap. Behra took third, while Castellotti secured fourth. For this shared drive, him and Fangio scored 1.5 points each. Finally, Gordini's Hermano da Silva Ramos finished in the final points paying position of fifth. Moss celebrated his first continental Grand Prix victory, as well as his first where he was deemed to have beaten Fangio on merit. Fangio himself was praised for his comeback during the race. Nevertheless, Collins received sympathy for him giving up his car mid-race, The Times stating "It was a cruel blow for a young man who was doing all that could be expected of him".
1956 Belgian Grand Prix
The 1956 Belgian Grand Prix was the fourth race of the 1956 Formula One World Championship. Occurring on 3rd June at the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, the race was ultimately won by Lancia-Ferrari's Peter Collins, his first victory in Formula One.
It was the seventh running of the event under the Formula One calendar, with the race lasting 36 laps. The 18th Belgian Grand Prix overall, the event is typically held at Spa, although Nivelles and Zolder have also occasionally hosted the race. After being left out of the Formula One calendar for the 2003 and 2006 Seasons, the race has been annually held at Spa-Francorchamps since 2007.
Heading into the race, Ferrari were without driver Luigi Musso, as he was recovering from injuries sustained at a Nürburgring event. Thus, the scarlet team fielded Belgian drivers Paul Frère and André Pilette to drive alongside Juan Manuel Fangio, Collins, and Eugenio Castellotti. In qualifying, only Thursday proved viable for setting competitive times, as Friday occurred in the rain, and Saturday was plagued with windy conditions. On Thursday, Fangio surprised onlookers by achieving a pole position with a time of 4:09.8, 10.8 seconds faster than the previous lap record and with an average speed of 203.490 kph. In contrast, Maserati driver Stirling Moss' best time was 4:14.7, which was still enough for second, ahead of Collins in third. Frère qualified eighth, whereas Pilette would line up 16th and last. Only 15 would start however, as Mike Hawthorn, caught between a disagreement between Ferrari and Maserati over who the Brit would be driving at the event for, decided to withdraw so as not to upset either team.
With the starting order decided, the 1956 Belgian Grand Prix commenced on 3rd June. Fangio had a disastrous start that saw him drop from first to fifth, Moss taking the lead ahead of Collins, Castellotti, and Maserati driver Jean Behra. By lap 2, Fangio had passed Behra, with him and Castellotti also overtaking Collins to be third and second respectively. A lap later, Fangio passed Castellotti for second, and began to deplete Moss' 6.5-second lead. Ultimately, Fangio moved back into first on lap 5, and by lap 10 was ten seconds in front. Moss would then lose his car after his left rear wheel broke away. He ran back to the pits and took over teammate Cesare Perdisa's car, who was already a lap down from Fangio in sixth. Castellotti also retired on the same lap due to a transmission failure. Fangio now led Collins by 30 seconds, and was seemingly set to win once more. However, on lap 24, the Argentine retired following a broken transmission, enabling Collins to take the lead.
Fangio decided not to take over Collins' car, allowing the Brit the opportunity to win his first Formula One event. Meanwhile, Frère had climbed the order, overtaking Behra, the latter struggling with a failing engine, for second. Behra nearly retired two laps before the end when his engine suddenly stopped, but was able to restart it. Moss was able to move into third, but was considerably behind the Lancia-Ferraris. Thus, Collins comfortably crossed the line to take his first victory and eight points in the Drivers' Championship. Having set the fastest lap, he also gained another point. Frère delighted the home fans by finishing second, while Moss took third, sharing 2.5 points each with Perdisa. Vanwall's Harry Schell and Maserati's Luigi Villoresi finished in the final points positions of fourth and fifth respectively. In the Drivers' Championship, Collins and Moss both were on 11 points, but by virtue of better results, Collins now led the Championship.
1956 French Grand Prix
The 1956 French Grand Prix was the fifth race of the 1956 Formula One Season. Occurring on 1st July at the Circuit de Reims, the race was ultimately won by Peter Collins, after narrowly edging out Lancia-Ferrari teammate Eugenio Castellotti.
It was the sixth running of the event in the Formula One calendar, with the race lasting 61 laps. The 35th French Grand Prix overall, the race has been held at a variety of circuits, with the last one held at Reims occurring in 1966. After the race was dropped from the schedule in 2009, it returned in 2018, where it has consistently been held at Circuit Paul Ricard.
Heading into the race, qualifying was primarily between the Ferraris and the Vanwalls. Juan Manuel Fangio achieved pole position in a Lancia Ferrari with a time of 2:23.3. Perhaps most famously, Fangio did not lift off the throttle as he approached the long right-hand curve of Reims. This not only made him considerably faster, but drew praise from both the fans and fellow drivers. In second and third were his teammates Castellotti and Collins. Further down the grid, Bugatti made its debut in Formula One, although driver Maurice Trintignant could only muster a time worthy of 18th place. With Trintignant now driving for Bugatti, Vanwall opted to replace him with Colin Chapman, the founder of Team Lotus. His best time was around 2:36, although he would have started fifth because Harry Schell drove at one point with Chapman's starting number. Chapman ultimately did not race because he rear-ended teammate Mike Hawthorn's car, before hitting a concrete pylon; his car was then used to repair Hawthorn's. This was Chapman's only Formula One event as a driver.
With the starting order decided, the 1956 French Grand Prix commenced on 1st July. After the start was delayed due to Moss and fellow Maserati driver Luigi Villoresi being pushed back and forth within the grid to get their engines working, the race began with Collins taking the lead. Castelloti and Fangio would pass Collins a lap later, with Fangio moving in front on lap 4. The three Ferrari drivers were already five seconds ahead of the field after five laps, extending to 13 seconds by lap 10. Moss meanwhile retired after 12 laps due to a broken gearbox, taking Cesare Perdisa's car from then on. Meanwhile, Harry Schell, who originally retired after five laps following a failed engine, took over Hawthorn's car, and made rapid progress through the field to close a significant gap to Collins by lap 28. Indeed, Ferrari had assumed Schell was a lap behind when he was originally just 28 seconds away, and in a panic, ordered the trio to "press-on".
Despite Ferrari's tactics, including driving side-by-side to block Schell, the Vanwall was able to overtake Collins and Castellotti simultaneously, and began to close-in on Fangio. Fangio was therefore forced to deliver, with him moving several lengths ahead. Ultimately, the Ferraris won out, with Schell dropping back in fourth, and on lap 37, the car became stricken when an injection pump linkage lost a ball-joint. While it was replaced, Schell was less competitive for the remaining laps. On lap 40, Fangio pitted as a fuel line split, dropping behind his teammates and Maserati's Jean Behra. Thus, the battle for the lead centred upon Collins and Castellotti, with the latter leading until lap 46.< Collins then led for two laps, before being passed again by his teammate.
But on lap 50, Collins achieved the final lead change, with both drivers then receiving the "Stay as you are signal". Collins therefore claimed victory by 0.3 seconds and earned seven points in the Drivers' Championship. Castellotti made it a Ferrari 1-2, with Behra taking third. Fangio finished fourth, having scored an additional point by setting the fastest lap and breaking the lap record in the process, while Moss and Perdisa shared a point each after finishing fifth. Post-race, Collins expressed that he raced for fun, stating "My father gave me a motor business so I don't have to race... but I like it and I like the money. I don't think I'm as fast at Stirling [Moss] but my car today was. I always have a go." Having also won the 1956 Belgian Grand Prix, Collins continued leading the Drivers' Championship, extending his lead to Behra by five points.
1956 British Grand Prix
The 1956 British Grand Prix was the sixth race of the 1956 Formula One Season. Occurring on 14th July at the Silverstone Circuit, the race would ultimately be won by Juan Manuel Fangio in a Lancia-Ferrari, who was victorious despite battling ill health throughout the event.
It was the seventh running of the event within Formula One, with the race lasting 101 laps. The ninth British Grand Prix overall, the event has remained an annual race on the Formula One calendar, primarily taking place at Silverstone, although Aintree and Brands Hatch have also hosted the event.
Heading into the race, qualifying saw three Brits among the top four fastest. Moss achieved pole position with a time of 1:41, with Argentine Fangio 0.3 seconds behind in second. BRM's Mike Hawthorn lined up third, while Collins would start fourth. It led to speculation that British drivers and potentially British cars could soon dominate Formula One, with some supporters noting that Moss won the International Trophy at Silverstone in May 1956, while driving for Vanwall. Of the 28 starters, seven drivers and six cars were British, leading Motor Sport to speculate that a British car becoming victorious was "not unreasonable". Further down the grid, future three-time champion Jack Brabham made his second Formula One start, after debuting at Silverstone the previous year. The Aussie qualified last in a Maserati, having purchased it from selling the Cooper T40 he drove the previous year.
With the starting order decided, the 1956 British Grand Prix commenced on 14th July. Moss had a disastrous start, with him being passed by nearly half the field. By contrast, BRM's Hawthorn and Tony Brooks managed to move into first and second respectively, with Fangio dropping to third. Fangio soon spun at Becketts, resulting in the top five consisting solely of British drivers. Brabham also started strongly, moving to 21st on the opening lap, and had made more positions by the time he retired on lap 4 following an engine failure. Meanwhile, Moss began to re-climb the order. He eventually overtook Hawthorn on lap 16, with the latter retiring eight laps later following a transmission fault that triggered an oil leak.
On lap 39, Brooks, who had been overtaken by Maserati's Roy Salvadori and Fangio, suffered a broken throttle. He experienced a heavy crash that saw his BRM roll over and cause him to be thrown free of the vehicle. This proved to be a blessing in disguise, as the overturned BRM then caught fire. Brooks survived the crash, albeit having suffered a broken jaw and minor damage to an ankle.
Fangio soon passed Salvadori, and began to close-in on Moss. Despite Moss' best efforts, Fangio closed the gap and overtook the Brit on lap 69 after Moss experienced a misfire. This proved to be the race's final lead change, with Fangio comfortably leading the remaining 33 laps despite disliking his D50. With seven laps remaining, Moss retired because of a gearbox failure, Collins replacing him in second despite suffering oil pressure issues since lap 64 that forced him to take over teammate Alfonso de Portago's car. Fangio therefore claimed his first victory in 1956 and eight points in the Drivers' Championship; Collins finished a lap down in second to share three points each with Portago, while Maserati's Jean Behra was two laps down in third. Connaught-Alta's Jack Fairman and Maserati's Horace Gould claimed the final points positions in fourth and fifth respectively, while Moss earned a point for posting the fastest lap.
Post-race, Fangio revealed he was suffering from a "reactive neurosis" ten days prior to the race, leaving him with a high temperature. He was reluctant to take part, as were his doctors. However, the organisers prescribed him painkillers that made him just about well enough to compete. He stated "The doctors did not want me to race, but the organizers insisted so they gave me pills to dull the pain and take the fever down. I raced and was lucky to win but after that I felt dead." Meanwhile, the race was deemed a disappointment for British fans considering the hype surrounding the drivers and cars, with the Vanwalls and BRMs suffering mechanical failures. Vanwall even withdrew from later races to improve fuel tank and pipe reliability. In the Drivers' Championship, Collins led by one point ahead of Fangio following the race's conclusion.
1956 Italian Grand Prix
The 1956 Italian Grand Prix was the eighth and final race of the 1956 Formula One World Championship. Occurring on 2nd September at the Monza Circuit, the race would ultimately be won by Maserati's Stirling Moss despite experiencing fuel and tyre issues late-on. The race is famous for Lancia-Ferrari driver Peter Collins sacrificing his chance to win the Drivers' Championship by giving his car to teammate Juan Manuel Fangio, who promptly claimed his fourth title.
It was the seventh running of the event as part of the Formula One calendar, with the race lasting 50 laps. The 26th edition in Grand Prix history, the Italian Grand Prix has been held at Monza for all bar one instance in 1980 since Formula One's inception in 1950, and has garnered a reputation for being the "home" grand prix of Ferrari. The 1956 edition also became the Grand Prix of Europe.
Heading into the race, Fangio led the Drivers' Championship with 30 points. The only drivers that could defeat him were Collins and Maserati's Jean Behra, who were both on 22 points. Fangio only needed to finish fifth to secure the title, while Collins and Behra needed him to retire while they won and achieved the fastest lap. Ferrari entered six cars, including for the debuting Wolfgang von Trips. Despite experiencing the same tyre tread issues as in the previous year's event, the Ferraris proved competitive, with Fangio achieving pole position with a time of 2:42.6. In second and third respectively were his teammates Eugenio Castellotti and Luigi Musso, with Collins qualifying seventh. Behra and Moss started fifth and sixth respectively, with qualifying being Moss' first time in the new Maserati design that at the time did not suit his desired driving position. Von Trips meanwhile suffered a heavy crash after spinning off at Curva Grande at around 130 mph, although he escaped without any injuries. Von Trips withdrew as no backup car was available; he tried explaining to Ferrari that the car suddenly darted right for no explainable reason, but Ferrari assumed that von Trips made a rookie error.
Before the race commenced, Enzo Ferrari phoned Collins regarding the title race. He promised Collins that he would not force him to give up his car to Fangio if the latter required it, but did request Collins' opinion surrounding winning the World Championship. Collins responded that at age 25, he would not be able to handle the burden of being World Champion, and stated that the 45-year-old Fangio deserved it. He also assumed that he would have plenty of time to win the World Championship eventually. Fangio also requested that Castellotti and Musso conserve their tyres for this race, so that he can set the pace and successfully achieve victory in front of Ferrari's home crowd.
With the starting order decided, the 1956 Italian Grand Prix commenced on 2nd September. Musso and Castellotti started strongly, overtaking Fangio and immediately ignoring Fangio's request by engaging in a personal duel. Vanwall's Harry Schell also had a good start, passing Fangio for third. He would however quickly drop back to sixth, although remained a contender for the lead. Musso and Castellotti maintained their 1-2, which also became a 1-4 with Fangio and Collins not far behind. However, their duel resulted in them losing their left rear tyre treads on lap 5, forcing them to pit. Moss assumed the lead, but engaged in a duel with Schell, the duo passing each other for first several times as Schell's Vanwall was quicker on the straights but slower on the bankings. Schell led a full lap on lap 11, but was re-passed by Moss. Collins meanwhile suffered a left rear tyre burst, forcing a prompt pitstop.
Fangio also experienced issues; on lap 18, he was forced to pit following a broken right hand steering arm. He decided to give his car up to Castellotti, who had originally retired following another tyre blowout. Based on Motor Sports' comments surrounding tyre treads, Ferrari possibly could have limited the threat of blowouts had they taken von Trips' concerns seriously. After 23 laps, Behra's title campaign ended following a magneto failure. He took over teammate Umberto Maglioli's car, but now would not score enough points to win the Championship regardless of result. Meanwhile, Musso refused to let Fangio take over his vehicle; with both his title rivals out, Collins, who was running fourth, could theoretically become champion if he could reduce the 55-second gap between himself and Moss. But on lap 35, Collins came into the pits, and suddenly proved true to his word with Ferrari by letting Fangio take over his car.
Meanwhile, Moss ran out of fuel on lap 45, but he and teammate Luigi Piotti exploited a loophole in the rules by having Piotti push Moss' Maserati into the pits. Had his car been pushed by a human, Moss would have been disqualified. The move allowed him to gain the fuel required for the remaining laps, although he not only lost the lead to Musso, but also had to contend with a near-bald rear tyre. However, he regained the lead when Musso retired with three laps remaining due to a broken left steering arm. While Moss had to considerably slow down to ensure his tyre lasted, enabling Fangio to close the gap to 10 seconds by the final lap, Moss managed to keep the lead with a 6-second margin. He therefore claimed victory and eight points, while also scoring another for setting the fastest lap, which was also the lap record. Fangio secured his fourth title with second, with Ron Flockhart scoring Connaught-Alta's only podium with third. Maserati's Paco Godia and Connaught-Alta's Jack Fairman claimed the final points positions by finishing fourth and fifth respectively.
Post-race, Collins explained that he was not ready for the burden of becoming World Champion, stating "All I could think of was that if I won the race and the championship I would be an instant celebrity. I would have a position to live up to. People would make demands of me. Driving would not be fun any more, so I handed the car to Fangio. I am only 25 years old and have plenty of time to win the championship on my own." He also believed Fangio deserved to win his fourth title. Fangio himself was elated by Collins' decision, stating "When Collins came in, he saw me stuck there, and without being asked he got out of his car and offered it to me to finish in. That was a fantastic gesture. My anxiety and misery gave way to joy, so much so that I threw my arms around him and kissed him. After that I finished second to Moss, and that was enough." Following his fourth title victory, Fangio was deemed by Autosport as one of the greatest drivers of all-time. Enzo Ferrari, despite his personal conflicts with Fangio that saw the Argentine depart Ferrari for Maserati in 1957, felt Fangio was indeed an all-timer, stating "I think it unlikely we will ever see again a champion capable of such a sustained series of success."
The 1956 Monaco Grand Prix was reportedly televised by TMC, although it is unknown whether it provided live coverage or race highlights. The 1956 Belgian Grand Prix reportedly received partial live coverage from Belgian outlets BRT and RTBF. The two channels likewise provided highlights of the 1956 French Grand Prix. According to Issue 1,704 of Radio Times, the 1956 British Grand Prix received live coverage from the BBC. This included 45 minutes dedicated to the race start, another 25 minutes mid-way, and 40 minutes for the race's final stages, contributing towards nearly two hours of coverage. Finally, RTE provided some highlights of the 1956 Italian Grand Prix. However, the broadcasts have yet to publicly resurface, having originated from an era where telerecordings were rare until videotape was perfected in the late-1950s. Nevertheless, footage can be found in some publicly available newsreels and documentaries.
- F1 Chronicle detailing the history of the Monaco Grand Prix. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- Ultimate Car Page providing a list of Monaco Grand Prix. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- Racing-Reference detailing the qualifying and race results of the 1956 Monaco Grand Prix. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- Topend Sports detailing the Triple Crown of Motorsport. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- Motor Sport providing a detailed race report. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- Scarf and Google providing behind-the-scenes details surrounding the 1956 Monaco Grand Prix, primarily at Ferrari. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- ESPN summarising the 1956 Monaco Grand Prix. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- Ultimate Car Page listing all Belgian Grand Prix. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- Chase Your Sport detailing the history of the Belgian Grand Prix. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- Racing-Reference detailing the qualifying and race results of the 1956 Belgian Grand Prix. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- Motor Sport providing a detailed 1956 Belgian Grand Prix report. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- ESPN providing summarising the 1956 Belgian Grand Prix. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- Ultimate Car Page listing every French Grand Prix. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- Racing-Reference detailing qualifying and race results of the 1956 French Grand Prix. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- F1 Destinations detailing the history of the French Grand Prix. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- Motor Sport providing a detailed 1956 French Grand Prix report. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- ESPN summarising the 1956 French Grand Prix and Collins' post-race comments. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- The Forgotten Drivers of F1 detailing the life and career of Colin Chapman. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- Stats F1 detailing the Drivers' Championship standings following the 1956 French Grand Prix. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- The History Press detailing the history of the British Grand Prix. Retrieved 14th Aug '22
- Ultimate Car Page listing all instances of the British Grand Prix. Retrieved 14th Aug '22
- Racing-Reference detailing the qualifying and race results of the 1956 British Grand Prix. Retrieved 14th Aug '22
- Motor Sport providing a detailed 1956 British Grand Prix report. Retrieved 14th Aug '22
- Concept Carz detailing the 1956 British Grand Prix, including Jack Brabham's unsuccessful venture at the event. Retrieved 14th Aug '22
- 8W noting the 1955 British Grand Prix was Jack Brabham's first Formula One start Retrieved 14th Aug '22
- ESPN summarising the 1956 British Grand Prix, including noting Fangio's ill health heading into the event. Retrieved 14th Aug '22
- Stats F1 detailing the Drivers' Championship following the 1956 British Grand Prix. Retrieved 14th Aug '22
- Racing-Reference detailing the qualifying and race results of the 1956 Italian Grand Prix. Retrieved 15th Aug '22
- Ultimate Car Page listing all instances of the Italian Grand Prix. Retrieved 15th Aug '22
- F1 Experiences detailing facts regarding the Italian Grand Prix. Retrieved 15th Aug '22
- Scuderia Ferrari Club detailing how Monza is considered the home of Ferrari. Retrieved 15th Aug '22
- Motor Sport providing a detailed1956 Italian Grand Prix report. Retrieved 15th Aug '22
- Stats F1 detailing the Drivers' Championship standings heading into the 1956 Italian Grand Prix. Retrieved 15th Aug '22
- Car Throttle summarising the 1956 Italian Grand Prix and Collins giving up his car to Fangio. Retrieved 15th Aug '22
- ESPN summarising the 1956 Italian Grand Prix and post-race comments from Fangio, Collins, and Ferrari. Retrieved 15th Aug '22
- Motor Racing Heroes detailing Collins' and Ferrari's conversation prior to the 1956 Italian Grand Prix. Retrieved 15th Aug '22
- GP Racing Stats noting Flockhart's third place at the 1956 Italian Grand Prix was Connaught's only podium in Formula One. Retrieved 15th Aug '22
- List of Formula One television broadcasts noting coverage of 1956 Formula One events. Retrieved 13th Aug '22
- BBC Genome archive of Radio Times issues detailing the BBC coverage of the 1956 British Grand Prix. Retrieved 14th Aug '22
- Issue 1,704 of Radio Times listing the BBC coverage of the 1956 British Grand Prix. Retrieved 14th Aug '22
- Web Archive article discussing how most early television is missing due to a lack of directly recording television. Retrieved 15th Aug '22